Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is such a fascinating and complex medical system that has withstood the tests of time, yet it still is making its way into the mainstream. It gained its popularity in the west in the 1970's after President Nixon and James Restons' trip to China. By the mid-1970s many states had began to legalize the practice of Acupuncture. Acupuncture is now offered in hospitals and clinics around the country and Chinese herbal medicine is becoming more popular and accessible. I wanted to address some frequently asked questions to help make TCM more accessible. Let me know if you have any more questions that I can answer!
What is Traditional Chinese Medicine?
TCM is a medical system that originated in ancient China over 2000 years ago. It is a system that studies the relationship among parts of the body and how the body interacts with the world around it. It believes that all illness and injury is due to an underlying imbalance, and when balance is achieved the body is in a dynamic state of health. The main diagnostic skills in Traditional Chinese Medicine are used to observe patterns that create this underlying disharmony, this is done by inspecting the skin, tongue, hair, eyes and nails, measuring the pulse, as well as inquiring about eating habits, sleep patterns, digestive/ reproductive health and quality of emotions and relationships. The main components of this system are Acupuncture, massage, movement therapies such as Qi Gong/ Tai Qi, herbal medicine and dietary therapy. It is a comprehensive and holistic medical system. Some major theories that it is based upon are yin-yang, Qi, five phases (known also as 5 elements) and Zang-Fu organ systems. The main treatment principles are focused upon preventative care, treating disease by finding the root cause, supporting the bodies natural functions and dispelling unwanted and unhealthy conditions, knowing when to treat the root cause and when to focus upon the "branch", regulating yin-yang, and treating according to climate/season and individual needs.
What is Qi?
Qi (pronounced- CH-ee) is one of the most foundational concepts of TCM and one of the most difficult to translate. It is most well known as the vital energy of the body that circulates within the specific meridians or channels, but it is also much more than that. It has duality such as all things do, it is matter with out form as well as the function and activity. It is the most basic substance that comprises the world and the movement and changes of Qi determine the state of the world and health with ones body. There are various types of Qi, when speaking in terms of health within TCM, and various functions such as transforming, transporting, holding, raising protecting and warming.
How does Acupuncture Work?
This is probably the most asked question that I hear! In a western scientific perspective the mechanism of action is unknown but there are various ideas and viewpoints on just what makes acupuncture so effective. Check out my blog post for more information.
What training is needed to become an acupuncturist?
To become an Licensed Acupuncturist in the United States, a person must attend an accredited Masters program that runs for 3 years or longer. The most common degrees are a Master of Science in Acupuncture or a Master of Science in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. There are also a few schools that are offering a Doctor of Acupuncture Oriental Medicine (DAOM) programs. These programs are designed to help graduates to qualify for national accreditation and state licensing which are both mandatory. The national accreditation boards are National Certification Committee for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) and the Accreditation Committee for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM). State licensing and requirements vary state to state. For example some states require that acupuncturists must study to become a chiropractor or medical doctor first. Here in Portland Oregon we have two amazing places to study- National University of Natural Medicine and my alma mater, Oregon College of Oriental Medicine (OCOM) which has been voted the #1 Chinese Medical school in the US! These programs require an in-depth study on anatomy and physiology, bio chemistry, Chinese medical theory, hands-on needling training, pharmacology, tai Qi/ Qi Gong practice, as well as numerous clinical hours and observation.
Tell me more about these Needles?!
Acupuncture needles are sterile, single use needles that vary from a diameter of 0.16 mm to 0.46 mm and vary in length between 13 to 130 millimeters. The filiform needles are super fine, flexible and strong and are made of high grade stainless steel- sometimes adorned with copper or gold handles. Many times they are inserted into the skin with a plastic guide tube. The needles are often manipulated to achieve a specific stimulation in accordance with the treatment plan. "In addition to these factors, acupuncture is a forgiving and extremely flexible science. The insertion of a needle into the body in order to contact the qi will usually produce some changes, whichever the points selected." (Deadman)
Does Acupuncture Hurt?
My short answer is NO, but in reality my answer is "it depends". It depends upon your perception of pain. The needles used are very fine and can be inserted with very little to no feeling at all. But more often than not, I want the patient to experience some sort of sensation from the needles. We call this the De Qi. It allows me to know that the needles are working and the body is responding. Patients usually describe this sensation as a gentle tapping, or a deep dull ache. I never want a patient to be to uncomfortable with these sensations so that they are not able to relax, as thats when the healing happens! Many times the acupuncture points with be tender upon palpation and the needles will make this spot feel a bit sore, but over the course of the treatment these points begin to calm down and then they are no longer felt.
What can Acupuncture help?
Acupuncture is a very versatile technique that can be utilized for a wide range of conditions and within its text hold a wide assortment of prescriptions for the treatment of more than 100 diseases. It is most known for its effectiveness in treating pain. Some conditions that respond well to acupuncture are...
Stress and anxiety
Insomnia/disorders of sleep
Can Traditional Chinese Medicine help me?
I believe that TCM can help anyone, that is the reason that I am so called to practice this medicine!
Deadman P, Al-Khafaji M, Baker K. A Manual of Acupuncture. East Sussex, England: Journal of Chinese Medicine Publications; 2016.